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Research repositories: what is self-archiving?

One of the strategies promoted by the Open Access movement is for authors to self-archive their own articles, which have been checked and permitted by their publishers, in Open Access institutional or discipline/subject-specific repositories.

Self-archiving, or, “Green Road” archiving", is when the final version of an article, which has been peer-reviewed, and then been accepted for publication, however, before it has been formatted by the publisher (also known as the “post-print” version or the “author’s accepted manuscript”), is deposited in an institutional or discipline-specific open repository. This practice is accepted by the majority of international publishers.

Post-prints can be deposited when they are published or after an embargo period; this will depend on publishers’ policies. To find out about the self-archiving policies of different publishers, please consult the SHERPA/RoMEO database: Publisher copyright policies and self-archiving.

What are the advantages of self-archiving?

Through self-archiving, you can make your work available to the whole scientific community throughout the world: your work will be read by a wider audience, which will lead it to being cited more often than articles published in paid journals.

How is self-archiving done at the University of Padova?

Authors can make their work available to the whole scientific community around the world by self-archiving it in Open Access institutional repositories. These ensure the long-term preservation and promotion of the scientific work produced by the members of the university.

The institutional repositories of the University of Padova are:

Padua Research Archive (PRA) is the institutional repository for the scientific work produced by the University of Padova, which aims to collect, document, hold, and publish in Open Access all of the research carried out by the University.

Further information and related documentation on how to access the PRA platform and how to deposit your research are available on the University of Padova website.

Padua@Research. Padua@Research is the name of the institutional repository of the University of Padova. It was adopted in 2005 by the University of Padova Library System for depositing doctoral theses as provided for by law. The repository also holds electronic documents that have been voluntarily deposited by Paduan lecturers and researchers and their collaborators.

The University of Padova Library System guarantees to provide authors with assistance during all stages of self-archiving and to provide them with up-to-date information regarding copyright in Italy and Europe.

Other open repositories: There are many open and international repositories, which cater to various disciplines, such as, for example,,, and PubMed Central.

What advantages do institutional repositories have compared with other types of open repositories?

There are two advantages to using institutional repositories:

  • official status: each institution manages its own repository, which guarantees the authority of the documents it holds;
  • the permanent presence of information online and its long-term preservation are their most guaranteed services.

How else is it possible to publish in Open Access?

It is also possible to publish in Open Access via the “Gold Road”. This is publishing, sometimes by paying a fee, in commercial, peer-reviewed journals that make your articles immediately and freely available. Go to the Open Access section for further information.

For support, contact the Library  Helpline.

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