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Reference management

What is a bibliography?

For the purposes of a research project — be it a thesis, or an article for a scientific journal — the bibliography is an organised list of the documents, books, articles, essays and web pages that have been consulted.

The bibliography adds scientific value to a thesis, as it reflects the research process undertaken.


One of the main purposes of the bibliography is to allow the exact identification of a referenced document, so to locate it in library and bookshop catalogues.


When drawing up a bibliography, the author/s must decide on a citation style, which may be recommended by the tutor or the publisher. Although no single standard is applicable to all publications, it is important for the selected style to be consistent throughout the document.

Reference management software

When organising bibliographies, there are certain specific software applications that can be of assistance, notably: EndNote, RefWorks and Zotero. These programmes allow users to:

  • import citations from catalogues, databases and websites
  • create and organise bibliographies for theses, books and articles
  • format citations within the text of documents

Institutional users can use RefWorks, a web application for managing citations and for the creation of personal bibliographic archives. Refworks is web accessible both on campus and off campus (via Proxy).

What is RefWorks?

refworks proquest logo is a web based application that can be used to collect bibliographic references, and to create and manage personal bibliographies. With RefWorks, users can:

  • import, organise and save references taken from bibliographic databases, books, web pages or other sources
  • format bibliographies automatically in several referencing styles
  • insert bibliographies and citations directly into a text.
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